Alexandra Anagnostopoulou
visual artist


On archive_2015
about moralization_2013
Stymphalia presents Στυμφαλία_2012
Prenez soin de vous_my interpretation_2012
The shrew-man _2012
Note of Hand no12_2011

Curator: Kostis Stafylakis (Theorist and visual artist, Adjunct at MoKE of ASFA and Adjunct Lecturer at the University of Patras).

This exhibition was a presentation of projects produced in the framework of the workshop “Old and contemporary forms of Gnosis and Gnosticism”. The workshop was realized under the auspices of the Unit of Innovation and Entrepreneurship (ΜοΚΕ) of the Athens School of Fine Arts. It focused on historical and contemporary forms of a particular apocalyptic attitude towards social reality that tends to interpret the world as a creation of radically evil forces – as a “system” of invisible orders of governance.

The emergence of ancient Gnosticism in the early centuries of Christianity was an important reference point since it marked the advent of the belief that the ancient “cosmos” is the creation of an evil god – the labyrinthine cell that trapped the human spirit. Within the gnostic cosmology, “Knowledge” (gnosis) is the secret truth that reveals the “great fraud”, the structure of the “system”, the “heimarmene” (a gloomy destiny). An equally important period was the aftermath of the French Revolution and the rise of “antimasonism” in counterrevolutionary thought, which saw the Revolution as a “satanic” parenthesis to Monarchy.

The relationship between the demonization of Freemasonry and the formation of modern antisemitism was examined as well as the dissemination of its fundamental myths. Particular emphasis was given to the European anti-semitic legacy that fueled the forgery of the “Protocols of Zion” in the early 20th century Russia and the circulation of the text up to nowadays. Furthermore, the discussion focused on conspiracy theories preached by the contemporary american libertarian Right and the latter’s presence in contemporary social movements. The “Against the Fed” Movement, the “Zeitgeist”, the belief in UFO and reptilians, theories about the obscure plans of the International Pharmaceutical Association and other contemporary narratives were debated.

What happens when conspiracy theories stop being marginal and become hegemonic social reasoning/common opinion? Explanations become more difficult when one stops understanding the conspiratorial attitude as pure lack of rationality and detects the wide range of existential questions raised by it.